The Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework: A new deal for nature and an accelerator for nature-based climate solutions

Main photo by UN Biodiversity under CC BY 2.0

The 15th session of the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15) convened in Montreal, Canada in December 2022. Negotiators from nearly 200 countries met to negotiate a Global Biodiversity Framework to guide efforts to protect and restore biodiversity through 2030.

Originally scheduled to take place in Kunming, China in October 2020, COP15 was postponed several times due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The conference finally got underway online and in-person after a year delay, then paused and only concluded last month in Montreal — two full years after the meeting was meant to have taken place.

In the early morning hours of December 19th a historic deal was reached as Parties signed the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF). This client brief summarizes and analyzes the main content of the GBF and discusses its relevance as catalyst for nature-based climate action.

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