The 28th Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC (COP28) in Dubai made history as the largest Conference of the Parties (COP) ever, with over 80,000 people accredited for attendance. It also took place in an international context marked by doubts about a petrostate host’s commitment to ambitious climate outcomes. With COP29 also scheduled in a petrostate (from November 11-24, 2024 in Baku, Azerbaijan), it is vital to take critical note of the politics, challenges, failures, and successes made in the UAE in order to continue to ensure that COPs lead towards concrete climate action matched with scaled finance.
Climate Focus’ in-depth, yet concise brief on the outcomes of COP28, News from Dubai, provides an expert review of the main decisions made at COP28.
- Article 6 negotiations failing to reach consensus;
- The lukewarm success of the first Global Stocktake;
- Continuing controversy over the finance gap;
- The adoption of a guiding framework on the Global Goal on Adaptation;
- The successful operationalisation of the Loss and Damage Fund; and
- An overview of the key discussions had outside the negotiation rooms on food systems, forests, land use, and carbon markets.