Biodiversity Credits Markets: Charting Pathways for Early Investment and Sustainable Market Growth

In the wake of the momentous Kunming-Montréal Global Biodiversity Framework—endorsed by nearly 200 nations in December 2022—biodiversity credits emerged as a transformative market-based mechanism for financing global biodiversity conservation and restoration projects. Biodiversity credits are designed to finance net-positive contributions to biodiversity rather than to offset negative impacts on biodiversity. 

Biodiversity Credits Markets: Charting Pathways for Early Investment and Sustainable Market Growth introduces a high-level framework categorizing over 30 biodiversity credit schemes based on the entity in charge of design and governance as well as the scheme’s geographical scope. The paper offers a comprehensive analysis of opportunities and challenges associated with diverse governance entities and scopes, shedding light on pathways for early investment in biodiversity credits and ensuring a sustainable market trajectory. The analysis centers on the pivotal role of the private sector and examines what drives businesses and financial institutions to fund biodiversity conservation and restoration activities. 

The paper formulates five key recommendations for companies aiming to navigate and invest effectively in the dynamic biodiversity credits landscape:  

  1. Gauge and mitigate biodiversity impacts 
  2. Prioritize value chain interventions
  3. Consider landscape-level conservation 
  4. Adopt holistic approaches  
  5. Engage early in scheme development discussions 

By delving into these critical facets, this paper provides valuable insights into the evolving biodiversity credits markets and equips businesses with actionable strategies to contribute to global biodiversity conservation efforts.